Splitting Matchings and the Ryser-Brualdi-Stein Conjecture for Multisets

  • Michael Anastos
  • David Fabian
  • Alp Müyesser
  • Tibor Szabó


We study multigraphs whose edge-sets are the union of three perfect matchings, $M_1$, $M_2$, and $M_3$. Given such a graph $G$ and any $a_1,a_2,a_3\in \mathbb{N}$ with $a_1+a_2+a_3\leq n-2$, we show there exists a matching $M$ of $G$ with $|M\cap M_i|=a_i$ for each $i\in \{1,2,3\}$. The bound $n-2$ in the theorem is best possible in general.
We conjecture however that if $G$ is bipartite, the same result holds with $n-2$ replaced by $n-1$. We give a construction that shows such a result would be tight. We also make a conjecture generalising the Ryser-Brualdi-Stein conjecture with colour multiplicities.

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