An $A_{\alpha}$-Spectral Erdős-Sós Theorem

  • Ming-Zhu Chen
  • Shuchao Li
  • Zhao-Ming Li
  • Yuantian Yu
  • Xiao-Dong Zhang


Let $G$ be a graph and let $\alpha$ be a real number in $[0,1].$ In 2017, Nikiforov proposed the $A_\alpha$-matrix for $G$ as $A_{\alpha}(G)=\alpha D(G)+(1-\alpha)A(G)$, where $A(G)$ and $D(G)$ are the adjacency matrix and the degree diagonal matrix of $G$, respectively. The largest eigenvalue of $A_{\alpha}(G)$ is called the $A_\alpha$-index of $G.$ The famous Erdős-Sós conjecture states that every $n$-vertex graph with more than $\frac{1}{2}(k-1)n$ edges must contain every tree on $k+1$ vertices. In this paper, we consider an $A_\alpha$-spectral version of this conjecture. For $n>k,$ let $S_{n,k}$ be the join of a clique on $k$ vertices with an independent set of $n-k$ vertices and denote by $S^+_{n,k}$ the graph obtained from $S_{n,k}$ by adding one edge. We show that for fixed $k\geq2,\,0<\alpha<1$ and $n\geq\frac{88k^2(k+1)^2}{\alpha^4(1-\alpha)}$, if a graph on $n$ vertices has $A_\alpha$-index at least as large as $S_{n,k}$ (resp. $S^+_{n,k}$), then it contains all trees on $2k+2$ (resp. $2k+3$) vertices, or it is isomorphic to $S_{n,k}$ (resp. $S^+_{n,k}$). These extend the results of Cioabă, Desai and Tait (2022), in which they confirmed the adjacency spectral version of the Erdős-Sós conjecture.

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