Generalization of Markov Diophantine Equation via Generalized Cluster Algebra

  • Yasuaki Gyoda
  • Kodai Matsushita


In this paper, we deal with two classes of Diophantine equations, $x^2+y^2+z^2+k_3xy+k_1yz+k_2zx=(3+k_1+k_2+k_3)xyz$ and $x^2+y^4+z^4+2xy^2+ky^2z^2+2xz^2=(7+k)xy^2z^2$, where $k_1,k_2,k_3,k$ are nonnegative integers. The former is known as the Markov Diophantine equation if $k_1=k_2=k_3=0$, and the latter is a Diophantine equation recently studied by Lampe if $k=0$. We give algorithms to enumerate all positive integer solutions to these equations, and discuss the structures of the generalized cluster algebras behind them.

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