Hamiltonian Intervals in the Lattice of Binary Paths

  • I. Tasoulas
  • K. Manes
  • A. Sapounakis


Let $\mathcal{P}_n$ be the set of all binary paths (i.e., lattice paths with upsteps $u = (1,1)$ and downsteps $d = (1,-1)$) of length $n$ endowed with the pointwise partial ordering (i.e., $P \le Q$ iff the lattice path $P$ lies weakly below $Q$) and let $G_n$ be its Hasse graph. For each path $P \in \mathcal{P}_n$, we denote by $I(P)$ the interval which contains the elements of $\mathcal{P}_n$ less than or equal to $P$, excluding the first two elements of $\mathcal{P}_n$, and by $G(P)$ the subgraph of $G_n$ induced by $I(P)$. In this paper, it is shown that $G(P)$ is Hamiltonian iff $P$ contains at least two peaks and $I(P)$ has equal number of elements with even and odd rank. The last condition is always true for paths ending with an upstep, whereas, for paths ending with a downstep, a simple characterization is given, based on the structure of the path.

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