Perfect Matchings in $\epsilon$-regular Graphs

  • Noga Alon
  • Vojtech Rödl
  • Andrzej Ruciński


A super $(d,\epsilon)$-regular graph on $2n$ vertices is a bipartite graph on the classes of vertices $V_1$ and $V_2$, where $|V_1|=|V_2|=n$, in which the minimum degree and the maximum degree are between $ (d-\epsilon)n$ and $ (d+\epsilon) n$, and for every $U \subset V_1, W \subset V_2$ with $|U| \geq \epsilon n$, $|W| \geq \epsilon n$, $|{{e(U,W) }\over{|U||W|}}-{{e(V_1,V_2)}\over{|V_1||V_2|}}| < \epsilon.$ We prove that for every $1>d >2 \epsilon >0$ and $n>n_0(\epsilon)$, the number of perfect matchings in any such graph is at least $(d-2\epsilon)^n n!$ and at most $(d+2 \epsilon)^n n!$. The proof relies on the validity of two well known conjectures for permanents; the Minc conjecture, proved by Brégman, and the van der Waerden conjecture, proved by Falikman and Egorichev.

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