Restricted set addition in groups, II. A generalization of the Erdős-Heilbronn conjecture

  • Vsevolod F. Lev


In 1980, Erdős and Heilbronn posed the problem of estimating (from below) the number of sums $a+b$ where $a\in A$ and $b\in B$ range over given sets $A,B\subseteq{\Bbb Z}/p{\Bbb Z}$ of residues modulo a prime $p$, so that $a\neq b$. A solution was given in 1994 by Dias da Silva and Hamidoune. In 1995, Alon, Nathanson and Ruzsa developed a polynomial method that allows one to handle restrictions of the type $f(a,b)\neq 0$, where $f$ is a polynomial in two variables over ${\Bbb Z}/p{\Bbb Z}$.

In this paper we consider restricting conditions of general type and investigate groups, distinct from ${\Bbb Z}/p{\Bbb Z}$. In particular, for $A,B\subseteq{\Bbb Z}/p{\Bbb Z}$ and ${\cal R}\subseteq A\times B$ of given cardinalities we give a sharp estimate for the number of distinct sums $a+b$ with $(a,b)\notin\ {\cal R}$, and we obtain a partial generalization of this estimate for arbitrary Abelian groups.

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