Fractional Biclique Covers and Partitions of Graphs

Valerie L. Watts

Abstract


A biclique is a complete bipartite subgraph of a graph. This paper investigates the fractional biclique cover number, $bc^*(G)$, and the fractional biclique partition number, $bp^*(G)$, of a graph $G$. It is observed that $bc^*(G)$ and $bp^*(G)$ provide lower bounds on the biclique cover and partition numbers respectively, and conditions for equality are given. It is also shown that $bc^*(G)$ is a better lower bound on the Boolean rank of a binary matrix than the maximum number of isolated ones of the matrix. In addition, it is noted that $bc^*(G) \leq bp^*(G) \leq \beta^*(G)$, the fractional vertex cover number. Finally, the application of $bc^*(G)$ and $bp^*(G)$ to two different weak products is discussed.


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