The Quantifier Semigroup for Bipartite Graphs

Leonard J. Schulman

Abstract


In a bipartite graph there are two widely encountered monotone mappings from subsets of one side of the graph to subsets of the other side: one corresponds to the quantifier "there exists a neighbor in the subset" and the other to the quantifier "all neighbors are in the subset." These mappings generate a partially ordered semigroup which we characterize in terms of "run-unimodal" words.


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