Jack Deformations of Plancherel Measures and Traceless Gaussian Random Matrices
We study random partitions $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\dots,\lambda_d)$ of $n$ whose length is not bigger than a fixed number $d$. Suppose a random partition $\lambda$ is distributed according to the Jack measure, which is a deformation of the Plancherel measure with a positive parameter $\alpha>0$. We prove that for all $\alpha>0$, in the limit as $n \to \infty$, the joint distribution of scaled $\lambda_1,\dots, \lambda_d$ converges to the joint distribution of some random variables from a traceless Gaussian $\beta$-ensemble with $\beta=2/\alpha$. We also give a short proof of Regev's asymptotic theorem for the sum of $\beta$-powers of $f^\lambda$, the number of standard tableaux of shape $\lambda$.