Composition Matrices, (2+2)-Free Posets and their Specializations

  • Mark Dukes
  • Vít Jelínek
  • Martina Kubitzke


In this paper we present a bijection between composition matrices and ($\mathbf{2+2}$)-free posets. This bijection maps partition matrices to factorial posets, and induces a bijection from upper triangular matrices with non-negative entries having no rows or columns of zeros to unlabeled ($\mathbf{2+2}$)-free posets. Chains in a ($\mathbf{2+2}$)-free poset are shown to correspond to entries in the associated composition matrix whose hooks satisfy a simple condition. It is shown that the action of taking the dual of a poset corresponds to reflecting the associated composition matrix in its anti-diagonal. We further characterize posets which are both ($\mathbf{2+2}$)- and ($\mathbf{3+1}$)-free by certain properties of their associated composition matrices.

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