King-Serf Duo by Monochromatic Paths in $k$-Edge-Coloured Tournaments

  • Kristóf Bérczi
  • Attila Joó
Keywords: Kernel by monochromatic paths, King-serf duo, Infinite graph, Tournament


An open conjecture of Erdős states that for every positive integer $k$ there is a (least) positive integer $f(k)$ so that whenever a tournament has its edges colored with $k$ colors, there exists a set $S$ of at most $f(k)$ vertices so that every vertex has a monochromatic path to some point in $S$. We consider a related question and show that for every (finite or infinite) cardinal $\kappa>0$ there is a cardinal $ \lambda_\kappa $ such that in every $\kappa$-edge-coloured tournament there exist disjoint vertex sets $K,S$ with total size at most $ \lambda_\kappa$ so that every vertex $ v $ has a monochromatic path of length at most two from $K$ to $v$ or from $v$ to $S$.

Article Number